Vocabulary & Words Learnt This Week 16/5/11

verbs

  • kaku かくto write
  • yomu よむ to read
  • nikui にくい hard to do
  • yasui やすい easy to do

Vocabulary & Words Learnt This Week 11/4/11

  • kameraman - カメラマン = cameraman (photographer)
  • bideogeemu - ビデオゲーム = video game
  • nippon no anime - 日本のアニメ = Japanese anime
  • 絵 (え) - drawing
  • yomu - よむ = read
  • bun - 文 (ぶん) = text
  • benkyou - べんきょう = study
  • masu - ます = grow
  • kirei - きれい = pretty
  • mada - まだ = yet
  • mousugu - もうすぐ = soon
  • gomennasai - ごめんなさい - sorry
  • haha - 母 (はは) = mother
  • chichi - 父(ちち) = father
  • taberu - たべる = eat
  • jouzu - 上手    (じょうず) = skillful/good
  • shitate - 下手  (したて) = not good
  • yama - 山(やま)= mountain
  • kouen - 公園(こうえん) = park
  • gakkou - 学校(がっこう)= school
  • minna - みんあ = everybody/everyone
  • mi - 見(み)look/view
  • shita - した = under
  • obentou - お弁当(おべんとう)= Japanese boxed lunch

Grammar points:

  • no - の = posessive particle (belongs to)
  • yo - よ = emphatic particle (exclaiming)
  • he - へ = destination particle (heading…)
  • koto - こと = nominalizes a verb (turn into noun) “thing”
  • wo - を = object particle (the object of a verb - the object of action) comes after object & before verb [also note: pronounced “o" as particle]
  • masu/imasu - ます/います = current formal
  • masen/imasen - ません/いません = current negative formal
  • nai/anai - ない/あない = current negative casual
  • mashita/imashita - ました/いました = past tense pos formal
  • ta - た = past tense pos casual
  • suru - する = to do (irregular verb)
  • kuru - くる = to come (irregular verb)

[Quick Note] Negative Copular Verb - Dewa (ha) Arimasen

The formal negative verb for desu is ではありません dewa arimasen.

So to say “it is not, I am not” etc
e.g. It is not a cat. ねこではありません neko dewa arimasen.

It again uses “ha” hiragana for “wa” as the particle.

Reminder: desu is equivalent to “am, is, are”